apachectl2.4编译安装及虚拟目录的实现

前提:
安装开发环境
yum groupinstall "Deveopment Tools" "Server Platform Developent"
httpd依赖于:apr, apr-util, apr-icon 其他依赖包:pcre-devel zlib-devel 在安装前请确保以上基础的依赖包已经安装!
开始安装:
源码包安装顺序为:arp,apr-util,httpd 环境:
os:cetos6.6 httpd-2.4.10.tar.bz2 apr-1.5.0.tar.bz2 apr-iconv-1.2.1.tar.bz2 apr-util-1.5.3.tar.bz2 (1)apr [root@localhost yum.repos.d]# tar xf apr-1.5.0.tar.bz2
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# cd apr-1.5.0
[root@localhost apr-1.5.0]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr
[root@localhost apr-1.5.0]# make && make install
(2)apr-util [root@localhost apr-1.5.0]# cd ..
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# tar xf apr-util-1.5.3.tar.bz2
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# cd apr-util-1.5.3
[root@localhost apr-util-1.5.3]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util -with-
apr=/usr/local/apr
[root@localhost apr-1.5.0]# make && make install
(3)创建系统用户 [root@localhost apr-util-1.5.3]# groupadd -r apache
[root@localhost apr-util-1.5.3]# useradd -r -g apache apache
(4)httpd [root@localhost apr-1.5.0]# cd ..
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# tar xf httpd-2.4.10.tar.bz2
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# cd httpd-2.4.10
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.10]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --
sysconfdir=/etc/httpd24 --enable-so --enable-ssl --enable-cgi --enable-rewrite --
with-zlib --with-pcre --with-apr=/usr/local/apr --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-
util/ --enable-modules=most --enable-mpms-shared=all --with-mpm=prefork
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.10]# # make && make install
(5)启动脚本的创建 1,编辑脚本文件
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.10]# vim /etc/profile.d/httpd.sh
export PATH=/usr/local/apache/bin:$PATH
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.10]# cd /etc/profile.d/
2,执行脚本程序
[root@localhost profile.d]# . /httpd.sh
3,查看是否已经加载
[root@localhost profile.d]# which apachectl
/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl
4,清楚hash
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.10]hash -r
5,启动apachectl
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.10]# apachectl start
AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain
name, using localhost.localdomain. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to
suppress this message
6,查看80端口是否监听
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.10]# ss -untl | grep :80
7,浏览器测试是否出现It works!
其他:
查看编辑安装的命令:其中包括安装路径,配置文件,安装的模块
[root@localhost httpd-2.4.10]# cd /usr/local/apache/
[root@localhost apache]# less build/config.nice 网页图标:icons/
头文件:include/
头文件如果要被系统调用的话,需要连接至/usr/include/
[root@localhost apache]# ln -sv /usr/local/apache/include/ /usr/include/httpd/
(6)日志和man手册
[root@localhost apache]# ls logs/
access_log error_log httpd.pid
man手册的创建,当你编译完成后,是由单独的httpd man配置文件,添加至系统man配置中
[root@localhost apache]# ls man
man1 man8
1,/etc/man.config 44行作业添加
[root@localhost apache]# vim /etc/man.config
MANPATH /usr/local/apache/man
2,/etc/httpd24/httpd.conf 搜索/manual打开这行功能(我打开后服务起不来了,后续再
来研究)
[root@localhost apache]# vim /etc/httpd24/httpd.conf
Include /etc/httpd24/extra/httpd-manual.conf
到此,apache已经编译安装完成。
一:接下来修改模块!(可选)
1,使用httpd -M可以查看目前使用的是什么模块!
这个版本编译后默认是mpm_prefork_module (shared)
2,我们尝试着将prefork修改为event 1-35行
[root@localhost apache]# vim /etc/httpd24/httpd.conf 、
修改前复制一个并且注释
#LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so
prefork修改为event
LoadModule unixd_module modules/mod_unixd.so
LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so
3,而后,在使用httpd -M查看是否已经修改!
二:修改Main server的DocumentRoot
1,创建一个目录
[root@localhost htdocs]# mkdir /data/web/htdocs -pv
mkdir: created directory `/data'
mkdir: created directory `/data/web'
mkdir: created directory `/data/web/htdocs'
2,编辑一个测试页
[root@localhost htdocs]# vim /data/web/htdocs/index.html
<h1>hello apache!<h1>
3,修改配置文件/etc/httpd24/httpd.conf DocumentRoot Directory 218行
4,重启apachectl,打开浏览器测试网站根目录是否已经跳转!
三,基于IP地址的访问控制
Require all granted是:允许所有主机访问
[root@localhost htdocs]# vim /etc/httpd24/httpd.conf
Require all granted 245行
拒绝所有主机访问:Require all deny控制特定IP访问:
Require ip IPADDR:授权指定来源地址的主机访问
Require not ip IPADDR:拒绝指定来源地址的主机访问
IPADDR可以是以下类型:
IP: 172.16.100.2
Network/mask: 172.16.0.0/255.255.0.0
Network/Length: 172.16.0.0/16
Net: 172.16
控制特定主机(HOSTNAME)访问
Require host HOSTNAME
Require not host HOSTNAME
HOSTNAME:
FQDN: 特定主机
DOMAIN:指定域内的所有主机
四,虚拟主机 使用虚拟主机需要把DocumentRoot关掉才能使用
另外,虚拟主机定义在一个配置文件:/etc/httpd24/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
1,打开/etc/httpd24/httpd.conf,删除注释,开启虚拟主机
[root@localhost htdocs]#vim /etc/httpd24/httpd.conf
Include /etc/httpd24/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
查看LogFormat是否开启
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
基于IP、Port和FQDN都支持;
基于FQDN的不再需要NameVirtualHost指令
2,创建/vhost/a.com和b.com
[root@localhost ~]# mkdir /vhost/a.com/ -p
[root@localhost ~]# mkdir /vhost/b.com/ -p
[root@localhost ~]# tree /vhost/
/vhost/
├── a.com
└── b.com
2 directories, 0 files
[root@localhost ~]# vim /vhost/a.com/index.html
<h1>www.a.com<h1>
[root@localhost ~]# vim /vhost/b.com/index.html
<h1>www.b.com<h1>
[root@localhost ~]# vim /vhost/b.com/index.html
<h1>www.b.com<h1>
~
2,编辑vhosts.conf文件
vim /etc/httpd24/extra/httpd-vhsots.conf
<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin webmaster@a.com
DocumentRoot "/vhost/a.com"
ServerName www.a.com
ErrorLog "logs/www.a.com-error_log"
CustomLog "logs/www.a.com-access_log" combined
<Directory "/vhost/a.com">
Options none
AllowOverride none
Require all granted
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>
<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin webmaster@b.com
DocumentRoot "/vhost/b.com"
ServerName www.b.com
ErrorLog "logs/www.b.com-error_log"
CustomLog "logs/www.b.com-access_log" combined
<Directory "/vhost/b.com">
Options none
AllowOverride none
Require all granted
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>
3,检查配置文件
[root@localhost ~]# httpd -t
AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain
name, using localhost.localdomain. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to
suppress this message
Syntax OK
4,查看区域设置
[root@localhost ~]# httpd -S
AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain
name, using localhost.localdomain. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to
suppress this message
VirtualHost configuration:
*:80 is a NameVirtualHost
default server www.a.com (/etc/httpd24/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf:23)
port 80 namevhost www.a.com (/etc/httpd24/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf:23)
port 80 namevhost www.b.com (/etc/httpd24/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf:31)
ServerRoot: "/usr/local/apache"
Main DocumentRoot: "/usr/local/apache/htdocs"
Main ErrorLog: "/usr/local/apache/logs/error_log"
Mutex default: dir="/usr/local/apache/logs/" mechanism=default
PidFile: "/usr/local/apache/logs/httpd.pid"
Define: DUMP_VHOSTS
Define: DUMP_RUN_CFG
User: name="daemon" id=2
Group: name="daemon" id=2
[root@localhost ~]#
5,测试
[root@www httpd-2.4.10]# curl www.a.com
<h1>www.a.com<h1>
[root@www httpd-2.4.10]# curl www.b.com
<h1>www.b.com<h1>
AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain
name, using localhost.localdomain. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to
suppress this message的解决方法就是打开httpd.conf中ServerName就可以
 
https可以参考openssl应用简述PDF  

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日期: 2015-05-18分类: apache

标签: apache

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