编译安装最新稳定版LNMP平台

php-5.3.27.tar.gz

Nginx-1.8.0

Mariadb-5.5.45



Mariadb-5.5.45编译安装
1,安装开发组件
# yum groupinstall "Development Tools" "Server Platform Development" –y
2,安装cmake
# yum -y install cmake
3,创建mysql组
# groupadd -r -g 306 mysql
# useradd -r -g 306 -u 306 mysql
4,下载mariadb包
# wget http://mirrors.opencas.cn/mariadb/mariadb-5.5.45/source/mariadb-

5.5.45.tar.gz
5,解压
# tar xf mariadb-5.5.44.tar.gz
# cd mariadb-5.5.44
6,使用cmake编译
#cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mariadb-5.5.44 \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/mydata/data \
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_READLINE=1 \
-DWITH_SSL=system \
-DWITH_ZLIB=system \
-DWITH_LIBWRAP=0 \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci
#make
#make install
7,修改属组属主
# cd /usr/local/Nmariadb-5.5.44/
# chown -R root.mysql ./*
8,建立软连接,方便使用
# ln -sv /usr/local/Nmariadb-5.5.44 mysql
9,创建数据库目录
# mkdir /mydata/data -pv
mkdir: created directory `/mydata'
mkdir: created directory `/mydata/data'
10,修改属组属主
# chown mysql.mysql /mydata/data/
# cd /usr/local/mysql/
11,初始化数据库,指定用户和安装路径
# scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/mydata/data
12,创建配置文件目录
# mkdir /etc/mysql
# cp support-files/my-large.cnf /etc/mysql/my.cnf
13,修改配置文件
# vim /etc/mysql/my.cnf 
[mysqld]
datadir=/mydata/data
innodb_file_per_table = NO
skip_name_resolve = NO
14,复制启动脚本,修改权限,并且开机启动
# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
# chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
# chkconfig --add mysqld
# chkconfig mysqld on
# service mysqld start

数据库初始化,和修改密码
# /usr/local/Nmariadb-5.5.44/bin/mysql_secure_installation 
# /usr/local/Nmariadb-5.5.44/bin/mysql -uroot -p



Nginx-1.8.0编译安装
1,下载nginx-1.8.0包
#wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz
#tar xf nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz
2,创建软连接
#ln -sv nginx-1.8.0 nginx
#cd nginx
3,开始编译
#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_realip_module --with-

http_sub_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_stub_status_module  

--with-pcre
#make 
#make install
4,创建配置文件
#vim /etc/init.d/nginx
写入如下内容:
#!/bin/bash
# chkconfig: - 30 21
# description: http service.
# Source Function Library
. /etc/init.d/functions
# Nginx Settings

NGINX_SBIN="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
NGINX_CONF="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
NGINX_PID="/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid"
RETVAL=0
prog="Nginx"

start() {
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
        mkdir -p /dev/shm/nginx_temp
        daemon $NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}

stop() {
        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
        killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -TERM
        rm -rf /dev/shm/nginx_temp
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}

reload(){
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
        killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -HUP
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}

restart(){
        stop
        start
}

configtest(){
    $NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF -t
    return 0
}

case "$1" in
  start)
        start
        ;;
  stop)
        stop
        ;;
  reload)
        reload
        ;;
  restart)
        restart
        ;;
  configtest)
        configtest
        ;;
  *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|reload|restart|configtest}"
        RETVAL=1
esac

exit $RETVAL

5,保存后,更改权限
# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nginx
#chkconfig --add nginx
如果想开机启动,请执行:# chkconfig nginx on

6,更改nginx配置
首先把原来的配置文件清空:# > /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf


7,创建nginx.conf文件
# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
写入如下内容:

user nobody nobody;
worker_processes 2;
error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit;
pid /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;

events
{
    use epoll;
    worker_connections 6000;
}

http
{
    include mime.types;
    default_type application/octet-stream;
    server_names_hash_bucket_size 3526;
    server_names_hash_max_size 4096;
    log_format combined_realip '$remote_addr $http_x_forwarded_for 

[$time_local]'
    '$host "$request_uri" $status'
    '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent"';
    sendfile on;
    tcp_nopush on;
    keepalive_timeout 30;
    client_header_timeout 3m;
    client_body_timeout 3m;
    send_timeout 3m;
    connection_pool_size 256;
    client_header_buffer_size 1k;
    large_client_header_buffers 8 4k;
    request_pool_size 4k;
    output_buffers 4 32k;
    postpone_output 1460;
    client_max_body_size 10m;
    client_body_buffer_size 256k;
    client_body_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/client_body_temp;
    proxy_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/proxy_temp;
    fastcgi_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/fastcgi_temp;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    tcp_nodelay on;
    gzip on;
    gzip_min_length 1k;
    gzip_buffers 4 8k;
    gzip_comp_level 5;
    gzip_http_version 1.1;
    gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css text/htm 

application/xml;

server
{
    listen 80;
    server_name localhost;
    index index.html index.htm index.php;
    root /usr/local/nginx/html;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-fcgi.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/local/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;
    }

}

}

8,检查配置文件
# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx  -t
# service nginx start
# ps aux |grep nginx



php-fpm install

1,安装依赖包

# useradd -s /sbin/nologin php-fpm

#rpm -ivh "http://www.aminglinux.com/bbs/data/attachment/forum/month_1211/epel-

release-6-7.noarch.rpm"
#yum install -y libxml2-devel openssl openssl-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel libpng 

libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libcurl-devel libcurl libjpeg libjpeg-devel
 libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libmcrypt-devel libmcrypt 
libtool-ltdl-devel

# wget http://am1.php.net/distributions/php-5.3.27.tar.gz
# tar xf php-5.3.27.tar.gz
2,开始编译
# ./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/php \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \
--enable-fpm \
--with-fpm-user=php-fpm \
--with-fpm-group=php-fpm \
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \
--with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock \
--with-libxml-dir \
--with-gd \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-iconv-dir \
--with-zlib-dir \
--with-mcrypt \
--enable-soap \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-ftp \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-exif \
--enable-zend-multibyte \
--disable-ipv6 \
--with-pear \
--with-curl \
--with-openssl


make
make install

3,创建配置文件


cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini


#vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
加入以下内容
[global]
pid = /usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid
error_log = /usr/local/php/var/log/php-fpm.log
[www]
listen = /tmp/php-fcgi.sock
user = php-fpm
group = php-fpm
pm = dynamic
pm.max_children = 50
pm.start_servers = 20
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 35
pm.max_requests = 500
rlimit_files = 1024

4,配置检查
# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t
[08-Oct-2015 22:31:33] NOTICE: configuration file /usr/local/php/etc/php-

fpm.conf test is successful

5,复制启动脚本
#cp /usr/local/src/php-5.3.27/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm
# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-fpm 
# chkconfig php-fpm on
# service php-fpm start


最好进行测试

1,创建一个php文件
# vim /usr/local/nginx/html/2.php
<?php
 echo "test php ok";
?>
# vim /usr/local/nginx/html/3.php
<?php
 phpinfo();
?>

2,重启nginx
# service nginx restart
3,访问测试
# curl 192.168.40.133/2.php
test php ok

浏览器:输入192.168.40.133/3.php

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日期: 2015-10-09分类: Web

标签: lnmp

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