Docker alpine构建nginx


I. Docker alpine构建nginx

II. 1,pull一个基础镜像

至于如何pull自己的镜像和构建镜像可以参考Docker Hub简单使用也可以pull本章中的docker hub的镜像

[root@gitlab conf]# docker pull marksugar/alpine
Using default tag: latest
latest: Pulling from marksugar/alpine

e110a4a17941: Already exists 
92c6475c18dd: Pull complete 
Digest: sha256:5ae1b32053247f3d251fe5ee56aa817d330cb007603272985a0aab0b79a4c9b3
Status: Downloaded newer image for marksugar/alpine:latest

III. 2,Dockerfile

FROM marksugar/alpine
MAINTAINER wwww.linuxea.com
RUN addgroup -g 499 -S nginx \
&& adduser -HDu 499 -s /sbin/nologin -g 'web server' -G nginx nginx \
&& cd /usr/local \
&& curl -sO http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz \
&& tar xf nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz \
&& rm -rf nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz \
&& cd nginx-1.10.1 \
&& apk --update --no-cache add geoip geoip-dev pcre libxslt gd openssl-dev pcre-dev zlib-dev build-base linux-headers libxslt-dev gd-dev openssl-dev libstdc++ libgcc patch logrotate supervisor inotify-tools && rm -rf /var/cache/apk/* 
RUN RUN ./configure \
    --prefix=/usr/local/nginx \
    --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
    --user=nginx \
    --group=nginx \
    --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
    --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
    --pid-path=/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid \
    --lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \
    --with-http_ssl_module \
    --with-http_stub_status_module \
    --with-http_gzip_static_module \
    --with-http_flv_module \
    --with-http_mp4_module \
    --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/client \
    --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/proxy \
    --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/fastcgi \
    --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/uwsgi \
    && make && make install \
    && mkdir -p /var/tmp/nginx/{client,fastcgi,proxy,uwsgi} \
    && echo "daemon off;" >> /etc/nginx/ngnix.conf \
    && apk del wget
ENV PATH /usr/local/nginx/sbin:$PATH
EXPOSE 80
CMD ["/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"]

IV. 3,build

docker build -t marksugar/nginx Dockerfile

V. 4,run起来

[root@gitlab apline-nginx]# docker run --name mynginx -d -p 81:80 marksugar/nginx
e2b7783eacde80337801a1e1c5d0962abd0b2770e820b9523501682716b6b817
[root@gitlab apline-nginx]# docker ps -a
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                  COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                NAMES
e2b7783eacde        marksugar/nginx        "/usr/local/nginx/sbi"   2 seconds ago       Up 1 seconds        0.0.0.0:81->80/tcp   mynginx
b889bfd7a6ee        marksugar/nginx:8.33   "/bin/bash"              19 hours ago        Up 4 hours          0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp   nginx
[root@gitlab apline-nginx]# 

这时你会看到一个欢迎页面

VI. 1,Dockerfile

Docker挂载数据卷,可参考Docker网络和数据卷
挂载nginx配置文件和根目录

FROM marksugar/alpine
MAINTAINER wwww.linuxea.com
RUN addgroup -g 499 -S nginx \
&& adduser -HDu 499 -s /sbin/nologin -g 'web server' -G nginx nginx \
&& cd /usr/local \
&& curl -sO http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz \
&& tar xf nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz \
&& rm -rf nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz \
&& apk --update --no-cache add geoip geoip-dev pcre libxslt gd openssl-dev \
pcre-dev zlib-dev build-base linux-headers libxslt-dev gd-dev openssl-dev \
libstdc++ libgcc patch logrotate supervisor inotify-tools 
WORKDIR /usr/local/nginx-1.10.1
RUN ./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/nginx \
--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
--user=nginx \
--group=nginx \
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx/nginx.pid \
--lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module \
--with-http_flv_module \
--with-http_mp4_module \
--http-client-body-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/client \
--http-proxy-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/proxy \
--http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/fastcgi \
--http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/tmp/nginx/uwsgi \
&& make && make install \
&&  mkdir -p /var/tmp/nginx/{client,fastcgi,proxy,uwsgi} \
&& echo "daemon off;" >> /etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
&& apk del wget \
&& rm -rf /usr/local/nginx-1.10.1 \
&& rm -rf /var/cache/apk/* \
&& rm -rf /etc/nginx
ENV PATH /usr/local/nginx/sbin:$PATH
EXPOSE 80
CMD ["/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"]

VII. 2,挂载配置文件

run起来并且挂载nginx配置文件以及配置文件中定义的目录也被挂载
-v /data/nginx/conf:/etc/nginx/
-v /data/nginx/wwwlog:/data/nginx/wwwlog/
-v /data/nginx/wwwroot:/data/nginx/wwwroot/

这三个路径分别是将本地的conf文件映射到容器中nginx配置文件

[root@gitlab data]# tree /data/
/data/
└── nginx

    ├── conf
    │   ├── conf.d
    │   ├── default.d
    │   ├── fastcgi.conf
    │   ├── fastcgi_params
    │   ├── koi-utf
    │   ├── koi-win
    │   ├── mime.types
    │   ├── nginx.conf
    │   ├── nginx.tar.gz
    │   ├── scgi_params
    │   ├── uwsgi_params
    │   ├── vhost
    │   │   └── www.conf
    │   └── win-utf
    ├── wwwlog
    │   ├── error_nginx.log
    │   └── www.com.log
    └── wwwroot
        └── index.html

7 directories, 14 files
[root@gitlab data]# 
[root@gitlab apline-nginx]# docker run --name mynginx -d -p 81:80 -v /data/nginx/conf:/etc/nginx/ -v /data/nginx/wwwlog:/data/nginx/wwwlog/ -v /data/nginx/wwwroot:/data/nginx/wwwroot marksugar/nginx
240c993352560f76a90d493d3f00253472c3e55858e02b345ad9c66fb40c4001
[root@gitlab apline-nginx]# docker ps -a
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                  COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                NAMES
240c99335256        marksugar/nginx        "/usr/local/nginx/sbi"   23 minutes ago      Up 23 minutes       0.0.0.0:81->80/tcp   mynginx

VIII. 3,nginx配置文件

nginx主配置文件基本一致,如下:

[root@gitlab conf]# cat nginx.conf 

user  nginx nginx;
error_log /data/nginx/wwwlog/error_nginx.log crit;
pid /var/run/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;

events {
    use epoll;
    worker_connections 51200;
}

http {

    include mime.types;
    default_type application/octet-stream;
    server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
    client_header_buffer_size 32k;
    large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
    client_max_body_size 50m;
    sendfile on;
    tcp_nopush on;
    keepalive_timeout 120;
    server_tokens off;
    tcp_nodelay on;
    
    fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
    fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
    fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
    fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
    fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
    fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
    fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
    
    gzip on;
    gzip_buffers 16 8k;
    gzip_comp_level 6;
    gzip_http_version 1.1;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied any;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_types
    text/xml application/xml application/atom+xml application/rss+xml application/xhtml+xml image/svg+xml
    text/javascript application/javascript application/x-javascript
    text/x-json application/json application/x-web-app-manifest+json
    text/css text/plain text/x-component
    font/opentype application/x-font-ttf application/vnd.ms-fontobject
    image/x-icon;
    gzip_disable  "msie6";


    open_file_cache max=1000 inactive=20s;
    open_file_cache_valid 30s;
    open_file_cache_min_uses 2;
    open_file_cache_errors on;
    
        log_format  access  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
    
    log_format upstream2 '$proxy_add_x_forwarded_for $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" $http_host'
        '$body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" $ssl_protocol $ssl_cipher'
        '$request_time [$status] [$upstream_status] [$upstream_response_time] "$upstream_addr"';
###########################################################################################
include vhost/*.conf;
}
daemon off;
[root@gitlab conf]# 

include vhost/www.conf

[root@gitlab vhost]# cat www.conf 
server {

        listen          80;
        server_name localhost;
        location / {
            root  /data/nginx/wwwroot;
            index index.php index.html index.htm;
        }
#        location ~ .*\. (php|php5.3.27)?$ {
#                root html/blog;
#                fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
#                fastcgi_index index.php;
#                include fastcgi.conf;
#        }
        access_log  /data/nginx/wwwlog/www.com.log;
}
[root@gitlab vhost]# 

index.html

[root@gitlab wwwroot]# cat /data/nginx/wwwroot/index.html 
<h1>Centos7 To Apline</h1>
[root@gitlab wwwroot]# 

0 分享

您可以选择一种方式赞助本站

支付宝扫码赞助

支付宝扫码赞助

日期: 2016-08-31分类: Docker

标签: docker

发表评论